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If Not for France: The Evolving Art Education of Eliza Pratt Greatorex

Katherine Manthorne


Eliza Greatorex (née Pratt, 1819-1897) was the most famous female artist in New York during the 1860s and 1870s, painting landscapes, drawing urban architecture in pen and ink and etching en plein air. Her evolution, this paper argues, was dependent on opportunities in France. First she modified her Hudson River painting style with study under Émile Charles Lambinet at Barbizon. Second, to convey New York’s radical urban transformation she looked to the responses of Hippolyte Bayard and Charles Marville to Baron Haussmann’s destruction of Old Paris. Third, etching with Charles Henri Toussaint and Maxime Lalanne made her a leader in the Etching Revival. Her daughters meanwhile enrolled at the Académie Julian and Carolus-Duran’s studio. Greatorex’s career demonstrates how a woman self-fashioned an art curriculum via a mix of private instruction, female networking, and exhibition and sales opportunities found only in late 19th-century Paris.


of Women Artists
& Exhibitions

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