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Nadejda Andreevna Oudaltsova

1886Orel, Russia | 1961Moscow, Russia
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Russian painter.

From 1905 to 1909, Nadejda Andreevna Oudaltsova trained at the Moscow Institute of Painting, Suclpture and Arcihtecture under the direction of impressionist and symbolist painter Konstantin Iouon. Later, in Paris she enrolled at the Académie de La Palette as a student of the French cubists Henri Le Fauconnier, Jean Metzinger, and André Dunoyer de Segonzac. Their influences were crucial to her practice, as witnessed in her works presented in 1914 at the Jack of Diamonds exhibition in Moscow. After returning to Moscow, she collaborated in the open collaborative workshop The Tower, where she came into contact with Mikhaïl Larionov and began producing Rayonist works while familiarising herself with the Constructivist theories of Vladmir Tatlin. In 1915 she joined the Supremus group founded by Kazimir Malevich and realised sketches for peasant cooperatives, as well as Suprematist pieces. In 1917, under the direction of the Armenian painter Gueorgui Yakoulov, she participated in a project that crystallised the Constructivists’ ambitions of bringing art and life together – the decorative program of the Café Pittoresque in Moscow.

After the October Revolution, she worked in the arts department of the People’s Commissariat for Education until 1920. In 1922, she participated in the first Russian exhibition at the van Diemen gallery in Berlin, followed by the Venice Biennale in 1924. Disapproving of the Productivist orientation of the INKHOUK Constructivists, she and her husband, Alexandre Drévine, returned to a more figurative painting style, using traditional themes – such as landscapes of the Soviet countryside – and audacious colours. Denigrated as “Formalist” by the regime, her works ceased to be exhibited after 1934. She continued to paint until her death, but remains still today in the margins of the official system.

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Ada Ackerman

Translated from French by Katia Porro.

From the Dictionnaire universel des créatrices
© 2013 Des femmes – Antoinette Fouque
© Archives of Women Artists, Research and Exhibitions
Nadejda Andreevna  Oudaltsova — AWARE Women artists / Femmes artistes

Nadejda Oudaltsova, Composition, 1913, oil on canvas, 111.5 x 133 cm, private collection

Nadejda Andreevna  Oudaltsova — AWARE Women artists / Femmes artistes

Nadejda Oudaltsova, La cruche jaune, ca. 1913-1914, oil on canvas, 70.7 x 52.3 cm, musée national d’Art contemporain – collection Costakis, Thessalonique

Nadejda Andreevna  Oudaltsova — AWARE Women artists / Femmes artistes

Nadejda Oudaltsova, Seamstress, 1912-1913, oil on canvas, 71.5 x 70.5 cm, private collection

Nadejda Andreevna  Oudaltsova — AWARE Women artists / Femmes artistes

Nadejda Oudaltsova, Selfportrait with palette, 1915, oil on canvas, 72 x 63 cm, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

Nadejda Andreevna  Oudaltsova — AWARE Women artists / Femmes artistes

Nadejda Oudaltsova, Typewriter girl, 1910, private collection

Nadejda Andreevna  Oudaltsova — AWARE Women artists / Femmes artistes

Nadejda Oudaltsova, Untitled, 1916, gouache and pencil on paper, 24.6 x 15.9 cm, private collection

Nadejda Andreevna  Oudaltsova — AWARE Women artists / Femmes artistes

Nadejda Oudaltsova, Violon, ca. 1916, oil on canvas, 70.7 x 53.4 cm, musée national d’Art contemporain – collection Costakis, Thessalonique

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